About  Australia

Officially the Commonwealth of Australia is the world's sixth-largest country by total area.

Australia has six states

  • 1.New South Wales (NSW),
  • 2.Queensland (QL)
  • 3.South Australia (SA)
  • 4.Tasmania (TAS)
  • 5.Victoria (VIC)
  • 6.Western Australia (WA)

and two major mainland territories

The Northern Territory (NT)and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT)









People, Culture and Lifestyle

The country's original inhabitants, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, are the custodians of one of the world's oldest continuing cultural traditions. They have been living in Australia for at least 40 000 years and possibly up to 60 000 years.

The population density remains only 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre is one of the lowest in the world. Much of the population increase came from immigration after World War II. Most immigrants are skilled immigrant with family quota and refugees. In the past the largest immigrant groups were those from the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China, India, Italy, Vietnam, and Philippines.

By 2050, Australia's population is currently projected to reach around 42 million, obviously needs to be filled out by productive immigrants!


The defining feature of today's Australia is not only the cultural diversity of its people, but the extent to which they are united by an overriding and unifying commitment to Australia.

Australia's diverse culture and lifestyle reflect its liberal democratic traditions and values, geographic closeness to the AsiaPacific region, significantly broadening its social and cultural profile influences of the millions of migrants.

Shared Values

Within the framework of Australias laws, all Australians have the right to express their culture and beliefs and to participate freely in Australias national life. At the same time, everyone is expected to uphold the principles and shared values that support Australias way of life. These include:

  • respect for equal worth, dignity and freedom of the individual
  • freedom of speech and association
  • freedom of religion and a secular government
  • support for parliamentary democracy and the rule of law
  • equality under the law
  • equality of men and women
  • equality of opportunity
  • peacefulness

Australia also holds firmly to the belief that no one should be disadvantaged on the basis of their country of birth, cultural heritage, language, gender or religious belief.


All people in Australia are encouraged to learn English, which is the national language and an important unifying element of Australian society. In fact, more than 15 per cent of Australians speak languages other than English at home. The most commonly spoken languages after English are Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Arabic, Vietnamese and Mandarin. There are a number of books on Australian colloquialisms and slang, including the Macquarie Book of Slang.

Religious worship

Australia has no official state religion and people are free to practise any religion they choose, as long as they obey the law. Australians are also free not to have a religion.Australia is a predominantly Christian country, with around 64 per cent of all Australians identifying as Christians. However, most other major religious faiths are also practised, reflecting Australias culturally diverse society.

Arts & Sporting Culture

Australia has a vibrant arts scene that reflects all forms of the visual and performing arts have strong followings, including film, art, theatre, dance and music. According to one survey, almost 13 million or 88 per cent of adult Australians attend at least one cultural event or performance every year.

Australians love their sport, both playing it and watching it. The most watched sports in Australia include Australian Rules Football, rugby league, rugby union and cricket. The 10 most popular physical activities were walking, aerobics/fitness, swimming, cycling, tennis, golf, running, bushwalking, football (often referred to as soccer in Australia) and netball.

A National Cuisine

Australia has one of the most diverse cuisines in the world, thanks to Asian and European migrant influences, a dining public that is happy to try innovative dishes and access to a plentiful supply of fresh and highquality produce. Italian, Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese, Greek, Thai, Malay, French and Vietnamese restaurants are quite common.

Obeying the law

Community behaviour in Australia is governed by a combination of formal laws and informal social customs. All people in Australia must obey the nations laws or face the possibility of criminal prosecution or civil action. People are also expected to generally observe Australian social customs, habits and practices.

Smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol are not illegal, but there are many restrictions on their public use. It is against the law for any person to sell or supply alcohol or tobacco products to a person under the age of 18 years.

Warm Climate

Australia is so large that it experiences most climatic conditions, from tropical monsoons to hot, dry weather and snow.

Informal people

Australians tend to be gregarious and outgoing. Most are relatively informal socially and in their relationships with acquaintances and work colleagues. Being on time for meetings and appointments is important. When meeting someone for the first time, it is usual to shake the persons right hand with your right hand.

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